What is precis writing?

What is precis writing?


PRECIS writing is a basic and very useful skill. the word precis is French and it means the removal of all that is inessential it is pronounced presee.


A precis is a brief original summary of the important ideas given in a long selection. its aim is to give the general effect created by the original Selection.

A precis is concise and divides all unnecessary details in favour of reproduction the logic development organisation of the original. Precis  writing AIMS at intelligent reading and clear accurate writing. therefore to sum up, precis eyes much shorter version of an article, A speech etc giving the main point of Ideas front it. it is, of course shorter than a summary.

What is precis writing in English 


Rules for writing a precis -

1 there are three kind of passages :  descriptive narrative and reflective read the passage of which the precis has to be written carefully.

At last 3 attempt are needed for proper understanding of the passage.

In the first reading the student should try to understand the subject matter of the topic on which the passage is a written.

In second reading the students should try to understand the central idea or main theme of the passage.

In the third or reading the important ideas should be numbered as 1 2 3 4 5 etc. this ideas are connected to the central Idea. therefore a logical reference to this ideas must be determined.

Now the student may write download precis
Remember that precis writing is an exercise of close reading understanding and logical development of Ideas.

2. The length of a precis should be more or less one third of the passage given so if the given. passage consist of 180 words the precis of the passage should be written in approximately 60 word.

If the words exceed the limit in the first attempt reduce it to the required limit. generally there are four ways to reduce the word count.

A   -    avoid repetition of ideas
B -  Long Complex sentence involving multiple Subordinate causes.
C - replace a group of words with a single word
D - Amit any unimportant idea that may have been included.

3. P r e c i s suould preferably be written in your own language you should not include sentence phrase from the given passage. you should take the ideas from the passage but write those in your own language.

4. A student has to mark the important point in the passage such points must not be left out in an effort to reduce the number of words.

5. The language of a precis should be direct there should be no introduction for conclusion a precis should not the telegraph language or disconnected sentence for ill arranged causes a precis should be like a well form well constructed passage.

6. A p r e c i s should not use examples instruction figures of speech dates comparison o r incidence. search eliminations would help in reducing the word count of the passage.

7. A student while writing a precis should not give her own opinions. Seene hold some opinions of his own for and against the subject matter of the passage but she should never express opinions or herself in the precis.

8. The precis should be in one paragraph.

9.  the precis should be written in indirect speech. direct narration should be change to indirect speech. If  the given passage is written in indirect narration then a student making with the author say that it should also be written in third person.

10. A precis should have a suitable title. the choice of the title is extremely important because it so how far the student has been able to understand the passage. the title of the precis should be based on the central idea
What is precis writing

What is precis writing with example. 

Some examples of condensing words or sentences -

1. Tiger elephants bears and monkeys live in the forest

 the sentence can be compressed as   -  different animals live in the forest


2. Teachers doctor engineers gathered there 

the sentence can be shortened as  -  people of different professions

 3.  that their Ram arrived at the place and Rahim arrived there at the same time 

the sentence can be compressed as -   Ram and Rahim arrived at the place simultaneously

4. Dogs cats pigs and bird chipped 

 the sentence can be compressed as -  different animal and birds made various sounds

5.  the lady moved around the room speaking needles schools the grade small bottles that lay scattered on the floor 

the sentence can be compressed as -  the lady moved around the room between things scattered on the floor.

6.  The believe people very easily and do not very fine what they say

 this may be expressed as-   you are very c r e d u l o u s 

7.   admission is achieved after a travel wandering among thorny byways and twerking mountains 

this may be expressed as -  emissions is achieved after going through difficulties 

8..   he is the president of the organisation but does not take any e remuneration

 this may be expressed as  - he is only president of the organisation 

9.    he is totally independent to the pleasure and the pain of life

 this may be expressed as. -  he is a strikes

10..   the work was published after the death of the author

this may be expressed as -  the work was published post honoursly

11.  No one knows by whom the species is written.

this may be expressed as   - this is an anonymous piece.

12.    Dipankar wants to spend as less as possible

this is may be expressed as  -  the Ganga is a miser.

13.    She is a lady with fair complexion and light coloured hair

 this maybe Express as -  she is bronde.

14.  Prakash does not believe in the customs which are no more of use

this may be expressed as  -  per call does not believe in obsolete customs. 

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